10. Namibia – $11,800
Namibia can be found in Southern Africa. With a per capita GDP of $11,800, it is the tenth richest country in Africa. Mining, agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism all play large parts in the country’s economy. The country is sparsely populated, with a population of around 2 million.
However, cost of living in Namibia remains relatively high. Many goods that are consumed within the country are imported, which contributes to their high costs. Furthermore, there is a monopoly over many commodities, which also further escalates this cost. The unemployment rate in Namibia is also high, at around 27.4%. The country today is characterized as an emerging economy.
9. Egypt – $12,100
Egypt is a transcontinental country with territories stretching from Africa’s northeast corner to Asia’s southwest corner across the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt shares its borders with the Gaza Strip and Israel, the Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, Sudan, and Libya. Cairo is the capital of the country. It ranks ninth on our list with a per capita GDP of $12,100.
8. South Africa – $13,500
South Africa, the southernmost country on the continent, is bordered by Namibia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho, and Mozambique. The country has a mixed type of economy and has a relatively high GDP compared to other African countries. Despite this fact, South Africa has high rates of unemployment, poverty, and a wide gap between the rich and the poor. Nonetheless, it ranks eighth on the list with an average per capita income of $13,500.
7. Libya – $14,200
Libya is located in North Africa. It is the fourth largest country in Africa by land area. The population is around 6 million, and the per capita GDP is $14,200.
A country rich in oil reserves, Libya ranks as the 7th richest country in Africa by per capita GDP. Its oil reserves account for almost all of the country’s exports, and make up the fast majority of the country’s GDP as well. Libya is also rich in natural gas and gypsum. Libya is defined as being an “Upper Middle Income Economy” by the World Bank.
Like most entries on this list, the GDP of Libya is greatly due to its oil reserves and relatively small population. Per capita GDP does not take income inequality into consideration. Unemployment in Libya is high, and wavers around 21%.
6. Algeria – $15,000
Algeria, the largest country in Africa, is located in the Northern part of the continent. It is the 6th richest country in Africa with a GDP per capita of $15,000. The country has a population of over 40 million. Like many countries on this list, it is considered by the World Bank to be an upper middle country.
5. Botswana – $16,900
Botswana is located in southern Africa. The country is known for its reputation as a stable democracy. It has a population of around 2.1 million, and a land area of around 224,610 square miles.
The economy of Botswana grew very quickly. It is considered to be a middle-income country. The country is also home to a highly sophisticated banking system and a low level of foreign debt. Metals and gemstones are important to the economy of Botswana, and include resources such as uranium, gold, diamonds, copper, and, to a lesser extent, gold.
4. Gabon – $19,300
A Central African country, Gabon is located on the west African coast and is bordered by Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and the Republic of the Congo. Libreville is the capital and biggest city of the country. It ranks fourth on this list with an average GDP of $19,300.
3. Mauritius – $20,500
Mauritius is an island country located in the Indian Ocean off of the southeast coast of the African continent. Throughout its history, the country has been at times a Dutch colony, a French colony, and a British colony. It has been independent since 1968 and has a population of around 1.3 million. It is the third richest country in Africa with a GDP per capita of $20,500.
The economy of Mauritius is greatly centered around tourism. Although agriculture used to play an important role in the country’s economy, its important has shrunken. The World Bank refers to Mauritius as an “upper middle income economy”. It has been applauded for its free economy. Tourists are drawn to Mauritius for its pleasant climate, beautiful beaches, and warm ocean water.
2. Seychelles – $28,000
Seychelles is also an island country found in the Indian Ocean. It is actually made up of around 115 small islands. With a population of only 92,000, it has the tiniest population of any country in Africa. It ranks as the second richest country of Africa, with a reported per capita GDP of $28,000.
1. Equatorial Guinea – $38,700
Equatorial Guinea is a country located in Central Africa. It is relatively small, covering only around 10,830 square miles. The population measures at around 1,222,245. It is partly this low population that helps the GDP to remain relatively high. It comes in first place with a GDP per capita of $38,700.
The Richest Countries In Africa
|Rank||Country Name||GDP Per Capita (International Dollar)|
|15||Republic of the Congo||$6,800|
|26||São Tomé and Príncipe||$3,300|
|52||Democratic Republic of the Congo||$800|
|53||Central African Republic||$700|